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                    1. 靠谱的棋牌---首页_Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 聚友棋牌官网下载安装-首页 叮叮棋牌抓红三---首页_欢迎您 有什么好玩棋牌游戏-Welcome 猫血型介绍及检测

                      235棋牌

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                                        1. 猫血型介绍及检测
                                        2. 内科
                                        3. 2018-10-15 15:36:22
                                        4. 来源: 蔡铭原
                                        5. 血型是由分布于红血球上的糖类或是蛋白质表面抗原所决定。

                                          前言

                                          235棋牌XUEXINGSHIYOUFENBUYUHONGXUEQIUSHANGDETANGLEIHUOSHIDANBAIZHIBIAOMIANKANGYUANSUOJUEDING。GEGEWUZHONGSUOCAIYONGDEXUEXINGFENLEIXITONGBUTONG,LIRUYIBANRENSUOSHUZHIDERENLEIABOXUEXINGXITONG,ERMUQIANMAOKEZHUYAOYIABXUEXINGXITONGWEIZHU,HELINGYIGEJISHAOSHIYONGDEmikXUEXINGXITONG。

                                          猫血型种类 

                                          MAOABXUEXINGXITONGKEYIXIFENCHENGA,BHEABSANZHONGXUEXING。MAOXUEXINGDEMINGMINGYURENLEIXIANGSI,JIESHIYONGXIANGTONGYINGWENZIMU,DANBINGWUXUEQINGXUEZHIXIANGGUANXUELIYIYI。ZAIMAOXUEXINGZHONG,AXINGXUEHONGXUEQIUBIAOMIANCHENGXIANN-QIANGJIYIXIANSHENJINGANSUAN(N-glycolylneuraminic acid,Neu5Gc)KANGYUAN;ERBXINGXUEHONGXUEQIUBIAOMIANCHENGXIANN-YIXIANSHENJINGANSUAN (N-acetylneuraminic acid,Neu5Ac)KANGYUAN;ABXINGXUEHONGXUEQIUBIAOMIANZETONGSHICHENGXIANCILIANGZHONGKANGYUAN,WULUNNeu5GcHUOSHINeu5Ac,LIANGZHEJIESHITUOYESUAN(sialic acid)YANSHENGWU。SHANGSHUZHEIXIEKANGYUAN,ZUIZAOKEYIZAIHUAIYUN38TIANMUTIZHONGDETAIERBEIZHENCEDAO (Andrews et al., 1992; Auer and Bell, 1981)。

                                          ZAIXIBAOZHONGJIEYOUCMAHJIYINBIAOXIANCytidineMonophosphate-N-Acetylneuraminic acidHydroxylase(CMAH)CIJIAOSU,LAIJIANGXIBAONEINeu5AcZHUANHUACHENGNeu5Gc。ZAIAXINGDEMAOZHONG,JUYOUWANZHENGDECMAHJIYINYUDANBAIZHIGONGNENG;RANERZAIBXINGDEMAOZHONG,ZESHISHIQUCMAHDANBAIZHIGONGNENG;ZAIABXINGDEMAOZHONG,QICMAHJIYINHESUANBIANYIDAOZHIBAOYOUBUFENJIAOSUGONGNENG,YINERKECHENGXIANNeu5AcHENeu5GcLIANGZHONGKANGYUAN。QIEGENJUWENXIANBAODAO,CMAHJIYINJUYOU3ZHONGDENGWEIJIYIN (allele),FENBIEWEIA>aab>b。AKEYIBIAOXIANWANZHENGCMAHJIAOSUHUOXING,ERaabBAOYOUBUFENJIAOSUHUOXING,bZEBUJURENHEJIAOSUHUOXING。YINCI,MAOXUEXINGXITONGCHENGXIANA、BHEABSANZHONGXUEXINGRUBIAOYIXIANSHI (Bighignoli et al., 2007)。CONGBIAOYIKEYILEJIEDAO,KONGZHIXUEXINGDECMAH ADENGWEIJIYINWEIXIANXING,ERbDENGWEIJIYINSHIYINXING。GUZAIZIRANJIEHUORENWEIYUZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,WOMENJIEKEYIFAXIANAXINGMAOBILIDUOYUQITAZHONGXUEXINGDEMAO。   

                                          血型的临床意义 

                                          ZAIMAOXUEXUEQINGZHONGXIANTIANJUYOUZHENDUIQITAWAILAIXUEQIUZHITONGZHONGYITIKANGTI (alloantibodies),ZHEIXIEKANGTIYUEZAICHUSHENGHOULIUZHIBAZHOUCHANSHENG,LIRUAXINGXUEDEXUEQINGZHONGJUYOUKANGBXINGXUEKANGYUANZHIKANGTI;FANZHI,BXINGXUEDEXUEQINGZHONGJUYOUKANGAXINGXUEKANGYUANZHIKANGTI;ERXUEXINGWEIABXINGDEMAOZEBUBIAOXIANTONGZHONGYITIKANGTI。ZAIAHUOBXINGMAOXUEQINGZHONGDETONGZHONGYITIKANGTIHUIZAOCHENGSHUXUEFANYING(transfusionreactions)HEXINSHENGERTONGZHIYIXINGHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENG (neonatalisoerythrolysis) (Bucheler and Giger, 1993; Knottenbelt, 2002)。

                                          YISHUXUEFANYINGLAISHUO,AXINGXUEZHONGJUYOUJIAOSHAOHUOLIJIAJIAORUODEKANGBXINGXUEKANGTI,RUOBABXINGXUESHURUAXINGXUEMAOTINEI,ZEHUIZAOCHENGJIAORUODERONGXUEFANYING;FANZHI,YINWEIBXINGXUETINEIJUYOUJIAODUOHUOLIJIAJIAOGAODEKANGAXINGXUEKANGTI,RUOBAAXINGXUESHURUBXINGXUEMAOTINEI,BIANHUIZAOCHENGYANZHONGDERONGXUEFANYING;ERABXINGXUEMAOTINEIJIEWUAJIBXUEXINGKANGTI,LILUNSHANGBIANKEJIESHOUAHUOBXINGXUESHURU。DANSHIXIANQIANWENXIANZHICHU,BXINGXUEZHONGHANYOULIJIAJIAOGAODEKANGAXINGXUEKANGTI,YOUJIHUIDUIABXINGXUEDEMAOYINQIMIANYIFANYING,GUJIANYIABXINGXUEDEMAOXUJIESHOUSHUXUESHI,YIAHUOABXINGXUEJIAOJIA (Auer and Bell, 1981; Bucheler and Giger, 1993;Griot-Wenk et al., 1996)。YOUSHANGSHUDEZHI,BXINGMAOZAIJIESHOUSHUXUEZHILIAOSHI,SUOCHENGDANDEFENGXIANZUIGAO。CIWAI,XIANJIEDUANMAOXUEXINGJIANCERENGJUXIANYUABXUEXINGXITONG,WUFADEZHIMAOSHIFOUJUYOUKANGmikTONGZHONGYITIKANGTI(Barrot A.C., 2017),GUSHUXUEZHILIAOQIANRUONENGZHIXINGJIAOCHASHIYAN (cross-matching test),GENGNENGJIANGDIMIANYIFANYINGDEQIANZAIFENGXIAN。

                                          235棋牌YIXINSHENGERTONGZHIYIXINGHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENGWEILI,XINSHENGYOUMAOJIEYOUMUMAOCHURUHUODEKANGTI。

                                          YINWEIBXINGMUMAOTINEIJUYOUJIAODUOKANGAXINGXUEKANGTI,RUOAXINGHUOABXINGYOUMAOYOUBXINGMUMAOBURU,CHURUZHONGDEKANGAXINGXUEKANGTIHUISHIYOUMAOFASHENGHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENG。CIQINGKUANGYIFASHENGYUBXINGMUMAOYUAXINGGONGMAOZHIZIDAI。TANGRUOXINSHENGYOUMAOYOUFASHENGHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENGZHIKENENG,KEZAICHUSHENGHOUERSHISIXIAOSHINEI,LIYONGDAIRUFENLAIWEISHIYOUMAOLAIBIMIANCIQINGKUANGDEFASHENG,YINWEIYOUMAOCHUSHENGHOU24ZHI48XIAOSHINEI,XIAOHUAXITONGKEYIXISHOUCHURUZHONGDEKANGTI (Bucheler, 1999; Cain and Suzuki, 1985)。YINCI,ZAIYUZHONGZHIQIANJINXINGXUEXINGJIANCE,KEYIJIANGDIHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENGFASHENGZHIJILV,YIQUEBAOXINSHENGYOUMAOZHIJIANKANG。

                                          猫血型与地理位置分布

                                          MAOXUEXINGYUDILIWEIZHIDEFENBUDIAOCHAYOUZHUYUSHOUYISHIDUIYUYOUSHUXUEHUOYUZHONGPEIDUIXUQIUDEMAO,JINYIBULEJIEQIXUEXINGQINGKUANG,YIJIANGDIMIANYIFANYINGSUOYINQIDESHUXUEFANYINGHEXINSHENGERTONGZHIYIXINGHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENG。YIXIANQIANDIAOCHAJIEGUOLAISHUO,TAIWANDABUFENDEFEICHUNZHONGMAOSHIAXINGXUE,YUEZHAN95.6%,ERABYUBXINGXUEGEZHANYUE3.8%HE0.6%,GENGJINYIBUJIANGCHUNZHONGMAOXIFENCHENGDUANMAOYUZHANGMAOMAO,KEYIKANCHUBEIJIANCHUSHIBXINGXUEDEZHANGMAOMAOXIANGDUIYUDUANMAOMAOGAOYIXIE。ZAIWOGUOCHUNZHONGMAOBUFEN,CHULEBOSIMAO (Persian)HEABIXINIYAMAO (Abyssinian)YOUBXINGXUEBEIJIANCHUWAI,QIYUJIESHIAXINGXUEWEIZHU,YUFEICHUNZHONGMAODEXUEXINGCHUXIANBILIXIANGSI (BIAOER) (ZOUYULING,2009)。

                                          235棋牌MAODEGEZHONGXUEXINGFENBUJIBILI,YUDILIWEIZHIHEPINZHONGSHANGYOUMOUXIECHENGDUXIANGGUANXING。CONGBIAOSANZHONGKEJIAN,YIDILIWEIZHIWEILI, GEZHOUDEFEICHUNZHONGMAOXUEXINGDANGZHONG,AXINGXUEZHANBILIZHONGJUEDADUOSHU,FUHEMENGDEERYICHUANFAZEDEXIANXINGLV。

                                          235棋牌ZAIYAZHOUBUFEN,BXINGMAOZAITAIWANYURIBENXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,YUEZHAN3~5%,TUERQIZEYOUJIAODUODEBXINGMAO,YUEZHAN25%,BXINGMAOFENBUYUZHONGGUODALUHEYISELIEDEBILIXIANGJIN,DOUDAYUEZHAN11~15%,ABXINGMAOZAIYISELIEBILIXIANGDUIJIAOGAO,YUE13% (BIAOSAN) (Gurkan et al., 2005; Merbl, 2011; Omi et al.,2016; Zheng et al., 2011)。ZAIMEIZHOUBUFEN,BINXIFANIYADAXUESHOUYIXIYANJIUZHICHU,MEIGUOZAOQI1991NIANDETONGJIXIANSHIBXINGMAOYUEZHAN11%,ERJINQI2011NIANDEBAOGAOXIANSHIBXINGMAOYUEZHAN0.28%,TUICEKENENGSHIYICHUANYUZHONG、JIANCEFANGSHICHAYIHUOQITAYUANYINZAOCHENGBXINGMAOBILIXIAJIANG。CIWAI,ZAONIANMEIGUOABXINGMAOBILIJIAOGAO,YUE6%,2011NIANABXINGMAODEBILIZEQUJINYULING,ZAOCHENGCITONGJICHAYIDEYUANYINHEBXINGMAOXIANGSI。ZHIYUJIANADAHEBAXI,MAOXUEXINGDEFENBU,JIEYIAXINGXUEWEIZHU (BIAOSI) (Fosset and Blais, 2014; Giger et al., 1991;Medeiros et al., 2008; Seth et al., 2011)。ZAIOUZHOUBUFEN,YINGGUODENANYINGGELANBXINGMAOBILIGAODA30.5%,QIESUGELANYUAIERLANYEFENBIEYOU7.9%HE14.6%DEBXINGMAO。ABXINGMAOZESHIZAISUGELANHEBEIYINGGELANJIAODUO。TONGZAIYIBILIBANDAODEXIBANYAYUPUTAOYA,BXINGMAOZAIXIBANYALVEDUOYUPUTAOYA,ERZAIPUTAOYAJINGNEI,YI2004-2017NIANSHIXULAIKAN,BXINGMAOBILIXIANGSI,DANABXINGMAOBILIQUEYOUXIAJIANGDEXIANXIANG。YU2011-2014NIANJIAN,YIDALIJINGNEIMAOXUEXINGBILICHENGXIANXIANGSIQINGKUANG。ZAIFAGUOHEXILA,BXINGMAOBILIFENBIEZHAN10%HE20.3%;ZAIXIONGYALIZAOXIENIANYANJIUDANGZHONG,WEIYOUABHEBXINGMAOBEIJIANCHU (BIAOWU) (Bagdi et al., 2001; Barrot A.C., 2017; Forcada etal., 2007; Gunn-Moore et al., 2009; Juvet et al., 2011; Karadjole T. et al.,2016; Knottenbelt et al., 1999; Marques et al., 2011; Mylonakis et al., 2001;Proverbio et al., 2011; Proverbio et al., 2013; Silvestre-Ferreira et al.,2004; Spada et al., 2014; Vieira et al., 2017)。ZAIDAYANGZHOUBUFEN,BXINGMAOBILIXIANGDUIYUQITAGEZHOULAIDEGAO,YOUQIZAIAOZHOUGAODA36%,ZHIYUABXINGMAOBILIYUQITAGEZHOUXIANGSI (BIAOLIU) (Cattin, 2016; Malik et al., 2005)。

                                          YICHUNZHONGPINXIMAOWEILI:YUOUZHOUBUTONGGUOJIA,BAOKUOYINGGUO、XIBANYA、PUTAOYA、YIDALIYUXIONGYALI,JIEZHIMUQIANWEIZHI,XIANLUOMAO (Siamese)JIEZHIYOUAXINGXUEBEIJIANCECHU;ZAIYINGGUODEBOSIMAOBUFEN,AXINGMAOZHANYUE80~88%,BXINGMAOZHANYUE12~20%,ERABMAOXINGWEIBEIJIANCHU (BIAOQIHEBIAOBA) (Forcada et al., 2007; Knottenbelt et al., 1999);LINGWAI,ZAIYINGGUODEYINGGUODUANMAOMAO(Britishshorthair)BUFEN,BXINGMAOGAODA58%YISHANG,YUANGAOYUQITAGUOJIABXINGMAODE0~16% (BIAOQI) (Knottenbelt et al., 1999)。ZAIYIBILIBANDAOYUXIONGYALIDEBOSIMAO(Persian)BUFEN,AXINGMAOZHANYUE88~100%,BXINGMAOZHANYUE0~12%,ERABXINGWEIBEIJIANCHU (BIAOJIUZHIBIAOSHIER) (Bagdi et al., 2001; Silvestre-Ferreira et al.,2004; Vieira et al., 2017);DANSHIZAIYIDALIDEBOSIMAOBUFEN,AXINGMAOZHIZHAN50%,ABXINGMAOGAODA37.5% (BIAOSHISAN) (Spada et al., 2014);ZAIYIDALIDEBUOUMAO(Ragdoll),QIABXINGBEIJIANCECHUDEBILI24%,YUANGAOYUYINGGUOBUOUMAO,HEQITAMAOPINZHONG (BIAOQIHESHISAN) (Knottenbelt et al., 1999; Spada et al., 2014)。LINGWAI,QITAMAOPINZHONGYUBUTONGGUOJIAXUEXINGFENBUYEYOUXIEXUCHAYI,RUABIXINIYAMAO(Abyssinian),BXINGXUEMAOZAIYIDALIGAODA30%YISHANG,ERZAIXIONGYALIQUEWEIBEIJIANCHU,CICHAYIKENENGYUJIANTISHUMUBUZUYOUGUAN。

                                          235棋牌YINCI,YOUSHANGSHUJIEGUOKEYIKANCHU,MAOXUEXINGFENBUQUESHIYUDILIWEIZHIHEPINXIYOUXIANGGUANXING,ZHIYUTAIWANMAOXUEXINGDEDIAOCHAZHIJINYOUSHIXUSHANGLUOCHA,QIEJINNIANLAICHONGWUSHICHANGPENGBOFAZHAN,BUTONGPINZHONGDEMAOJINKOUSHUYUYUZHONGSHUDOUZENGDUO,MAOXUEXINGFENBUYOUZHONGXINTONGJIZHIBIYAO,YIJIANGDISHUXUEFANYINGHEXINSHENGERTONGZHIYIXINGHONGXUEQIURONGJIEZHENGZHIFASHENG。

                                          猫血型检测试剂

                                          ZAISHENGWUKEJITUFEIMENGJINDEXIANDAI,JIANCEXUEXINGDEFANGFABAOHANSHENGWUHUAXUEDECENGXIFA (Chromatography)HENINGJISHIYAN (Agglutination assay),YIJIFENZISHENGWUFANGMIANDEDNADINGXUFENXIDENG。MUQIANXUEQINGXUESHANGJIAOCHANGYONGXUEXINGJIANDINGFANGFABAOHAN,MIANYICENGXIFA (Immunochromatography)HENINGJISHIYANLIANGZHONG,YIXIAJIANGJINYIBUJIESHAOYIZHIMAOXUEXINGJIANCEFANGFAYUYINGYONGSHANGZHICHAYI。

                                          SHOUXIAN,ZAISHENGWUHUAXUEDECENGXIFAZHONG,SHIYIZHONGFENLIHUNHEWUDEJISHU,YIYINGYONGYUMAOXUEXINGJIANCEDEYOUBOCENGCENGXIYUMIANYICENGXIFA。BOCENGCENGXIFA,QIYUANLISHILIYONGHUNHEWUZAIGUDINGXIANGYULIUDONGXIANGZHIJIANDEYIDONGSULVBUTONG,YIDAFENLIHUNHEWUDEFANGFA;LINGWAIZAIMIANYICENGXIFA,QIYUANLISHILIYONGMAOXIXIANXIANGJIANGKANGYUANHUOKANGTIDAIZHITEDINGQUYU,CISHIKANGYUANHEKANGTILIANGZHEZHIJIANXINGZHUANYIXINGYUQINHELIZHIZUOYONG,YIDAJIANCEZHIMUDE。JULILAISHUO,XIANQIANWENXIANZHICHU,LIYONGBOCENGCENGXIFADAPEIBIAOZHUNPINSHIYONG,JIEYOUHONGXUEQIUBIAOMIANKANGYUANYUCENGXIMOSHANGYONGDONGSULVBUTONG,KEYIJIANBIECHUABXUEXINGXITONGDEBIAOMIANKANGYUANZHONGLEI,RUNeuGcHENeuAc,JINERQUFENCHUMAODEXUEXING(Griot-Wenk et al., 1993)。HUOSHISHIYONGMIANYICENGXIFA,JIANGLIYONGanti-NeuGcHEanti-NeuAcKANGTILAIBIANRENRENAYUBXUEXING(Seth et al., 2011)。

                                          CIWAI,ZAISHENGWUHUAXUEDENINGJISHIYANYICHANGYINGYONGYUXUEXINGJIANCE,QIYUANLIYISHIJIEYOUMIANYIFANYING,KANGYUANHEKANGTIXIANGHUZUOYONGJIEHESUOCHUXIANDENINGJIXIANXIANG。YUMAOXUEXINGJIANCEZHONG,ZUICHANGSHIYONGBIANSHILAIZIXIAOMAI (Triticum vulgaris)DElectin,CIlectinHUIYUBXINGMAOHONGXUEQIUCHANSHENGMINGXIANNINGJIFANYING,ERAXINGMAOHONGXUEQIUZEWUNINGJIXIANXIANG(Butler, 1991)。

                                          235棋牌ZAIDNADINGXUFAFANGMIAN,YIMUQIANZUIWEIGUANGFANSHIYONGDESanger DNADINGXUFA,QIYUANLISHISHIYONGSHUANGTUOYANGHETANGHEGANSUAN,JIARUZHENGZAIHECHENGDEDNAZHONGLAISUIJIZHONGZHIDNAHECHENGDEGUOCHENG,JINYIBUFENXIZHONGZHICHANWUPIANDUAN,JINERDEZHIDNAPIANDUANXULIE。YIYOUWENXIANZHICHU,XIANGDUIYUAXINGMAOERYAN,BXINGMAOTIZHONGCMAHJIYINWAIXIANZI(exon1)DUOCHU18GEJIANJIDUI,JINERDAOZHICMAHDANBAIZHIWUWANZHENGGONGNENG。GUJIEYOUFENXICMAHJIYINKEYIDEZHIABXUEXINGXITONG,BAOHANNANYIQUDEJIANTIDETAIER,JIEKEJIEYOUSHOUJIMUTIYANGSHUILAICEDINGTAIERXUEXING。

                                          MUQIANSHIMIANSHANGDEMAOXUEXINGKUAISUJIANYANSHIJI,YOUDECHANPINSHIYONGMIANYICENGXIFALAIQUFENABXUEXINGXITONG,YEYOUCHANPINSHISHIYONGDANZHUKANGTIHElectinLAIFENBIEBIANSHIAXINGHEBXINGXUE。

                                          结语

                                          235棋牌YOUYUCHONGWUSHICHANGSHANGJIPENGBO,MAOYISHIJIAZHONGBUKEHUOQUEBANLVZHIYI,DUIYUTAMENDEYILIAOZHAOHURIQUWANZHENG,MUQIANDUIYUMAOABXUEXINGXITONGYANJIUYIYOUYIDINGCHENGDULEJIE,CHUmikXUEXINGXITONGWAI。GUKELIYONGXUEQINGXUEJIANCHA(BAOHANJIAOCHASHIYAN)HEDNAXUEXINGJIYINJIANDING,YIJIEJUELINCHUANGSHIWUSHANGDEWENTI,TIGONGCHONGWUMAOZUIGAOZHILIANGZHIZHAOHU。













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